Stan VanDerBeek

Stan VanDerBeek (January 6, 1927 - September 19, 1984) was an American experimental filmmaker.

VanDerBeek studied art and architecture first at Cooper Union College in New York and then at Black Mountain College in North Carolina, where he met architect Buckminster Fuller, composer John Cage, and choreographer Merce Cunningham.

VanDerBeek began his career in the 1950s making independent art film while learning animation techniques and working painting scenery and set designs for the American TV show, Winky Dink and You. His earliest films, made between 1955 and 1965 mostly consist of animated paintings and collages, combined in a form of organic development.

In the 1960s, VanDerBeek began working with the likes of Claes Oldenburg and Allan Kaprow, as well as representatives of modern dance, such as Merce Cunningham and Yvonne Rainer.

The Movie Drome

Building his Movie Drome theater at Stony Point, New York, at just about the same time, he designed shows here using multiple projectors. These presentations contained a very great number of random image sequences and continuities, with the result that none of the performances were alike.

«Influenced by Buckminster Fuller’s spheres, VanDerBeek had the idea for a spherical theater where people would lie down and experience movies all around them. Floating multi-images would replace straight one-dimensional film projection. From 1957 on, VanDerBeek produced film sequences for the Movie-Drome, which he started building in 1963. His intention went far beyond the building itself and moved into the surrounding biosphere, the cosmos, the brain and even extraterrestrial intelligence.»

(source: Jürgen Claus in Leonardo, Vol. 36, No. 3, 2003, p. 229.)

In 1964/65 he opened his Movie Drome at Stony Point, New York: a self built space capsule to experience full sensual experience of film projection. His interest was a satellite based Cinema distribution system which he called Culture Intercom. It included a data bank of images distributed via satellites. Stan was an artist-in-residence at NASA from 1979-80. "I gave them no chance to reject my proposals", he said. "When they refused one project, they had already another proposal on their desk."

His desire for the utopian led him to work with Ken Knowlton in a co-operation at Bell Labs, where dozens of computer animated films and holographic experiments were created by the end of the 1960s. Between 1964 and 1967 Vanderbeek created Poem Field, a series of 8 computer-generated animations with Ken Knowlton.

During the same period, he taught at many universities, researching new methods of representation, from the steam projections at the Guggenheim Museum to the interactive television transmissions of his Violence Sonata broadcast on several channels in 1970. He ran the University of Maryland Baltimore County visual arts program until his death.

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